Denture types: What dentures are the best?

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dentures

There are several ways to replace your missing teeth. Your dentist will be able to recommend the best option for you, whether it’s a denture, bridge, or implant.Tooth decay, gum disease, and facial injuries can lead to tooth loss. Depending on how many teeth are lost, dentures may be necessary.

Dentures are synthetic replacements for missing natural teeth. Some dentures are designed to replace a few missing teeth. Other types of dentures replace all of your teeth, gums, and surrounding tissues.

Benefits of dentures 

Dentures have many benefits, they replace teeth for eating and chewing, help in clear conversation, avoids teeth from moving, give a greater confidence boost and dentures are usually long-lasting (lasting between five to ten years).

Types of dentures that are being used 

Dentists commonly use these types of denture after consoling with the patient and choosing what is best for them depending on how many teeth the patient has lost and how much the dentures are going to cost.

Full dentures 

Full dentures, or complete dentures, consist of both upper and lower sets and are removable devices that can be used to replace missing teeth. The denture teeth are made out of porcelain or acrylic and are held together by an acrylic or metal base. Full dentures may be needed when you lose all of your teeth and they can help fill out your appearance again, leaving you feeling more confident to smile.

 

Full dentures

 

Both upper and lower dentures rest on the gum tissue and the suction helps to keep them in place. Denture adhesive can also help secure your dentures and stop any food particles from causing discomfort, which can happen if they become trapped under the denture. With proper care and maintenance, full dentures can last anywhere from 5–10 years.

Candidates for complete dentures include:

  • Elderly patients — a “complete edentulous situation” (lack of teeth) is most common in elderly people (65+). This is because tooth loss relates to age, especially geriatric patients (those with diseases and problems due to old age).
  • Younger patients — in rare cases, young patients may also be candidates for complete dentures. This is only the case if they lost all of their teeth due to an injury or severe tooth decay.

Partial dentures

When a patient has some natural teeth left, like a few molars in the upper jaw and some in the lower jaw, when chewing becomes difficult, the dentist will advise to go for partial dentures. The partial dentures are made with a pink plastic base attached to a metal piece. The denture is held in place by these two pieces. These dentures are very convenient and you can remove them whenever you want. Partial dentures keep the other natural teeth in place, not allowing them to shift or move.

 

Partial dentures

 

Implant-supported bridge or partial fixed dentures 

Implant-supported bridge denture can also be called partial fixed denture and this is a great option for filling the gap when a tooth is missing. The artificial tooth in a partial fixed denture takes the help of adjacent teeth to stay in position. An Implant-supported bridge is custom-made for each individual in a dental lab and you might need to take two to three appointments to complete your bridge treatment.

On your first consultation, the dentist will give anesthesia to avoid the pain, also places a rubber wall and removes any decay present in your mouth, then the dentist will take an impression of your teeth and send it to the dental lab to make a pattern of your mouth, in the meantime, you will get a temporary bridge. On your next visit, the temporary bridge will be replaced with a new bridge.

Immediate dentures 

These dentures are made quickly and are put in place immediately after the natural teeth are removed. There are a few observations  like you should not have other cavities and also the dentist should have taken proper measurements so that they can be made and worn on the same day as the teeth get extracted.

Temporary dentures

Temporary dentures—also called immediate dentures—are dentures that can be fitted right after your teeth have been removed. They are an option to help you carry on as normal while waiting for your new permanent dentures to be fitted. You can return to eating the foods you love, without putting too much pressure on your remaining natural teeth. They may be recommended by your dentist as a way to help adjust your mouth for dentures, or if you’ve previously had issues with sensitive teeth or gums. By reducing the pressure on your remaining natural teeth when eating, temporary dentures will let your mouth heal without you needing to make any major changes to your lifestyle. Your dentist will take measurements and models of your teeth beforehand so the dentures are ready for you to wear while your jaw is healing.

Snap-in dentures

Snap-in dentures are the most effective choice when it comes to stability. They are held securely in place with the help of dental implants or anchors onto the existing teeth.

What makes them unique is the locator attachments embedded within the tissue side of the denture. The locator attachments snap onto the implants or onto the locator receptors. This means they are convenient and removable (like partial dentures).

Snap-in dentures are usually used when a patient doesn’t have any teeth, but still enough bone to support an implant.

Flexible Dentures 

Flexible dentures are typically constructed of nylon, or other thin thermoplastics, which differ significantly from the thicker, harder acrylic that is often used in normal dentures. This helps make these types of dentures a lot more bendable and flexible, giving rise to their popular name.

As flexible dentures are made up of softer, more comfortable materials, people of all ages often prefer them over regular dentures. However, it is always best to consult with your dentist or denture technician with regards to which type of dentures will best suit you, your needs and requirements.

Over denture

These false teeth are essentially attached to either two common dental implants or two mini-implants fitted into the gum. This form of denture is usually more stable and utilises the surface are of your palate to help keep the teeth in place.