There are few things more painful than severe tooth pain. Whether it’s sharp or dull, always there, or comes and goes, it can have a seriously debilitating effect the longer it goes on. If you’re suffering from severe tooth pain, you need to seek dental assistance immediately. Read on for more information on the causes of severe tooth pain, pain relief measures, and the treatment that you can expect to receive from a dentist.
What causes severe tooth pain?
It’s not always easy to work out why your teeth are hurting so much, and the causes can often go undetected for a serious amount of time. Here are some of the most common causes of extreme tooth pain:
- Worn down enamel, particularly when it’s exposed to extreme temperatures, can cause severe tooth pain. Generally caused by your teeth’s over-exposure to acid or sugar, enamel can’t be brought back once it’s gone, so booking an appointment with a dentist is paramount. Some of its symptoms include pain caused by biting into hot or cold food. · An abscess – caused by a bacterial infection – can be a severely damaging dental problem. It causes the pulp inside your teeth to become infected. If you feel constant pain in your teeth, your gums are swelling and sensitive to touch, or your tooth pain is accompanied by a foul odor and taste, you may have an abscessed tooth. · A cracked or fractured tooth exposes the nerves inside your tooth, leading in many cases to severe dental pain.
- If your tooth pain comes on suddenly, it may be because food has become lodged in a cavity and is irritating the nerves within the tooth itself. If there’s a gradual build-up, food may be lodged beneath the
gums. The larger the piece of food, the more likely it is to irritate your gums.
- Although they’re intended to last for a long time, a filling can become loose, crack, or fall out of your mouth completely, causing extreme tooth pain from the exposed nerves.
- tooth decay – if bacteria in plaque erodes the enamel surface of your tooth, this can expose the sensitive nerve endings within the underlying tooth structure (dentine) and can continue to infiltrate into the centre of the tooth reaching the pulp.
- gum disease – if plaque remains beneath the gum, it can damage the bone that supports your teeth and the roots of your teeth as well. This causes teeth to loosen and ache.
- trauma – if your tooth gets chipped or cracked, this can also expose the pulp and put you at risk of infection.
- impaction – if a tooth doesn’t emerge fully from the gums, it can irritate the surrounding nerves, causing pain. This is most common with wisdom teeth and other molars.
- bruxism (teeth grinding) – if you grind your teeth at night or during the day, this causes the teeth to wear down over time exposing the sensitive middle layers of teeth and can also strain the surrounding supporting structures.
- misaligned teeth – if your teeth are crooked or not properly aligned, this can cause uneven pressure in the mouth and may require orthodontic treatment.
What Can I Do for Severe Tooth Pain at home?
you should always call dental office if you’re experiencing severe tooth pain. dentists offer emergency dental services so you can receive the care you need. While there is plenty you can do at home to manage dental pain, this is only a temporary solution. What you need most is to have one of dentists diagnose the source of your pain and treat the tooth.
Here’s what you can do to manage severe tooth pain until you’re able to see dentists.
Gargle salt water
Salt water helps to remove bacteria from the mouth and can reduce swelling. Add between a quarter and half a teaspoon of salt to warm water and gargle for at least five seconds. Take care not to swallow the water.
Floss Your Teeth
Sometimes the smallest things can cause a lot of pain, like a piece of shredded meat caught between your back teeth. If you’re experiencing dental pain or discomfort, gently floss between your teeth to see if you can dislodge anything.
If you do remove a small piece of food, don’t be alarmed if you see a little blood on your strand of floss. This isn’t uncommon if the piece of food was trapped for a while. But you should call dental office right away if gum bleeding persists as this could be a sign of gum disease or other common dental health problems.
Call dental office right away if you see something stuck between your teeth that can’t be removed by flossing. One of dentists will remove the object in a way that’s safe and efficient.
Apply a Cold Compress
A cold compress will constrict the blood vessels in your face and help reduce swelling. The coldness will also numb your face, which helps relieve pain.
You should never apply a cold compress for more than 20 minutes at a time. While it may be tempting, a cold compress can damage your skin and even cause frostbite if applied for too long.
If you don’t have a cold compress, you may instead wrap a bag of ice or frozen vegetables in a cloth towel. It’s important that you have a barrier between the bag and your skin. Otherwise, you may damage your skin and cause more harm than good.
Once a couple of hours have passed, you may try another round of applying a cold compress. But keep in mind that this is a temporary
solution to relieve dental pain. You won’t experience permanent relief from severe tooth pain until you seek emergency dental care.
Take Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers
It can be hard to concentrate when you have a severe toothache. That’s why we recommend taking over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen and naproxen. Both of these medications reduce dental pain and inflammation.
Always follow the directions on the packaging when taking over-the-counter pain relievers. You should also remember that each person responds to medication differently. Just because a family member responds a certain way to over-the-counter pain relievers does not mean you should expect the same results.
It’s important to remember that none of these things will treat the cause of your severe tooth pain. They can reduce discomfort, but you still need to see a dentist as soon as possible.
What treatments are available?
To really get to the root of the problem, you’ll have to visit a dentist. Some causes of severe tooth pain are relatively easy to fix, while others require much more complex treatment: · First, you’ll have an x-ray to determine whether you’ve got any cavities. · If you’ve got a cavity, the dentist will remove the part of your tooth which has decayed and replace it with a filling.
- If the problem is caused by food which is lodged under your gums, then the dentist will remove the debris.
- For situations in which you’ve got an abscess or a cracked tooth, treatments can be a little bit more complex, and vary in seriousness from requiring a root canal to extracting the tooth itself.
The best way to avoid getting toothache and other dental problems is to keep your teeth and gums as healthy as possible. To do this, you should:
- limit your intake of sugary foods and drinks – you should have these as an occasional treat and only at mealtimes; read more about cutting down on sugar · brush your teeth twice a day using a toothpaste that contains fluoride – gently brush your gums and tongue as well
- clean between your teeth using dental floss and, if necessary, use a mouthwash
- don’t smoke – it can make some dental problems worse Make sure you have regular dental check-ups, preferably with the same dentist. The time between check-ups can vary, depending on how healthy your teeth and gums are and your risk of developing future problems. Your dentist will suggest when you should have your next check-up based on your overall oral health. Children should have a dental check-up every six months so tooth decay can be spotted and treated early.